» Intense hunger
» Abdominal discomfort
» Dry mouth
» Electrolyte imbalance
» Excessive thirst
» Increased urination
» Weakness on one side of the body
» Increased thirst
» Increased urination
» Rapid breathing
» Fruity breath due to ketosis
» Abdominal pain
It is extremely important to monitor blood sugar levels. If the patient has passed out due to low or high blood sugar, medical help must be sought immediately.
» If the cause of diabetic coma (hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia) is unknown, do not give insulin to the patient.
» If you are confused about the patient’s condition, and don’t know what to do to keep the patient in a conscious state, please do not give the patient anything except water.
If severe hypoglycemia leads to diabetic coma, the treatment would involve raising blood sugar with the help of glucose. The treatment for advanced diabetic ketoacidosis and nonketotic hyperosmolar coma would involve insulin therapy, and oral or intravenous administration of fluids and electrolytes to compensate for the loss of body fluids. The dosage of insulin may vary, based on the patient’s condition and severity of the symptoms.
Consult your physician regularly, and follow the advice of your doctor regarding medicines and lifestyle-related changes.
» Keep your blood glucose levels under control.
» If your blood sugar levels are low, have a glucose tablet or a fast-acting carbohydrate. This will help in restoring the blood sugar level to normal.
» Follow an exercise regimen, but refrain from performing vigorous exercises if you suffer from hypoglycemia.
» If possible, wear a medical bracelet/necklace or carry a medical card in your wallet that identifies you as a diabetic patient.
Studies reveal an alarming increase in the number of people affected by diabetes throughout the world. Since diabetes puts people at an increased risk of developing serious medical conditions, steps must be taken to keep blood sugar levels under control. While diabetics must comply with the guidelines regarding drugs and lifestyle modifications, their family members must also be educated about the steps that must be taken to avert life-threatening complications associated with diabetes.